When it comes to knowing how high or how low a person’s blood sugar levels are, there is no such thing as having a “sixth sense”. The only way to know for certain is by frequent daily diabetes blood sugar testing. However, there are other ways a diabetic can learn more about the body’s system and the signals it gives that will alert one to blood glucose highs or lows.
One way is by taking classes on hypoglycemia recognition and prevention, as well as understanding what the hyperglycemia cues are. When a person is able to recognize the signs, one will know that it is time to test diabetic blood sugar. Once one has taken such a class, and understands how important diabetes blood sugar testing is, the diabetic is often surprised at how frequently he/she thought everything was okay when it really was not.
How Often Should One Perform Diabetic Blood Sugar Testing?
It is up to the person and his physician to determine how frequently testing should be done. If one has Type 1 Diabetes, then levels fluctuate throughout the day. If the diabetic bases the amount of insulin taken on the results of the previous diabetes blood sugar test, then the individual should check at each a meal, snack or planned an injection—this will work out to approximately 4 Diabetes blood sugar tests per day.
If the goal is merely to avoid hyperglycemia or ketosis, one may only need diabetic blood sugar testing a couple of times each day.
Type 2 Diabetes Testing
For Type 2 Diabetics, blood sugar testing may not need to be as regular, since levels do not vary as often. However, while the physician(s) is adjusting the amount of insulin needed, it is necessary to check levels more often, to prevent rises and falls. Be sure to do blood sugar testing before bed and before breakfast to see how well the medication is working.
As a Type 2 Diabetic, blood sugar testing is up to the individual and how much one’s lifestyle and budget allows. (The more one tests it, the more it costs.) However, anytime a diabetic patient feels like something “isn’t right”, it is wise to do blood sugar testing.
Regardless of whether an individual has Type 1 Diabetes or Type 2 Diabetes, testing blood sugar levels helps one to stay close to the normal blood glucose levels of 80-120 mg/dl before meals and 100 to 140 mg/dl before bedtime. Keeping a journal of one’s blood glucose readings and noting when they drop or spike will help determine if any changes in medication, diet or level of physical activity need to be adapted.
Here are blood sugar levels chart by age, even though blood pressure values do not change with age.
Constant diabetic blood sugar testing can be aggravating, but it is worth it. Don’t give up! With a bit of planning, goal setting and consistency in blood glucose testing, the diabetic can continue to live a normal life.